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Saturday, November 10, 2018

Heart Attack : causes, symptoms and prevention

Heart Attack
A heart attack uaually occurs when the blood flow to our heart is blocked. This is usually made of fat, which can make bandages in the arteries. Infected blood flow can be dangerous because it can hurt or destroy the heart muscles. The most common signs in both men and women is chest pain or discomfort. However, all heart attacks usually do not start with severe pain in the chest. Heart attack can start slowly and can cause only little slight pain or discomfort. Symptoms can be really mild or more strong and sudden. The feeling can be last longer than a few minutes.

Heart Attack symptoms
Heart attack

Sometimes people are usually confused between the two - "full-hearted" and "heart attack". Heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs due to low blood flow to the heart muscles. It deprives our heart muscle of oxygen, which mostly requires them to work properly. Whereas, cardiac arrest can stop heartbeat, causing impending death. Basically if heart attack is severe and bigger, then it can cause a complete cardiac arrest.




Symptoms of heart attack
The symptoms of heart attack in different people can be different. In fact, even though a person may suffer again from heart attack, there may be some different symptoms from the first time. You should need to monitor these symptoms:

1. Chest discomfort:
This is one of the most common symptom of heart attack. A person may feel the some pressure, squeezing, fullness or feeling of pain that starts in the middle of the chest. Pain or discomfort usually lasts longer than a few minutes. It can go and then can return back too. It can also spread to the forearm and back, or to the head and neck.

2. Jaw Pain, Toothache, Headache:
Pain in the jaw, back or arms, can indicate condition of the heart, especially if the origin is difficult to detect. In particular, if trouble begins with diligence or worsens, and then closes on leaving the workout, then you should immediately search for a doctor.

3. Lack of breath:
The lack of breath or the shortness of breath is also a common symptom of heart attack. Breathlessness or difficulty in breathing, this condition is known as therapeutic dyspnea.

4. Nausea:
Nausea is an unusual symptom of heart attack. You can feel a sense of indigestion.

5. Vomiting:
Sometimes nausea can be so serious that it can lead you to vomit.

6. Fatigue:
You can feel some fatigue or even lightness, without fainting or unconsciousness. Some people may also experience anxiety or fear during a heart attack. Excessive exhaustion or unexplained weakness, sometimes for days, can also be a symptom of heart attack.

7. Sweating:
Sweating without a clear reason can also be a major sign of a heart attack.

8. Irregular heartbeat:
If you feel some irregular heartbeat for more than a few seconds, or if it is so often, talk to your doctor. However, there are some other reasons for irregular heartbeat also. But sometimes, this may be a sign of a condition called atrial fibrillation.

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Causes of Heart Attack

Stress
The risk of heart attack from stress
We know that stress has a direct connection to heart attack and stroke. Therefore it is important to understand that stress causes cardiovascular and stroke. Let's know how stress affects your heart so much that you get heart attack.

Closed arteries
Cardiac arrest occurs when the coronary artery is blocked. It stops blood flow in any particular part of the heart. The lack of blood circulation causes damage to the heart and its tissues. Why is it that there is no reason for this? Due to stress, there is a major cause of heart attack due to stress.

Damage to blood vessels
Stroke is the medical condition in which there is considerable harm to the arteries of the brain. At the same time, when the level of chemicals called sitochines increases in the body, even then there is a sense of stroke. When the level of stress increases, it also increases the level of sitochines. This is also one of the reasons that after all the stress causes a stroke.

Blood clotting
Increasing levels of stress increases the level of the cortisol and cathartis. But there is a deep connection between stress and heart attack. At the same time, due to stress, blood clots begin to fracture, this increases the risk of heart attack. This is also one of the reasons for the heart attack due to stress.


High blood pressure
Blood pressure is also increased due to excess stress. And this leads to increased fear of stroke. As soon as blood pressure grows, it causes damage to the blood vessels of your brain. And this can cause stroke.

Hormonal imbalance
A major cause of imbalance in hormones is stress. This has a bad effect on your metabolic process. Metabolic syndrome, such as diabetes, increases cholesterol levels. And this increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.




How to prevent heart attack

Heart care
Heart problems such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure and congenital heart disease are some of the most common and serious health problems in the heart. However, before the actual symptoms appear, it is not easy to detect heart problems. But steps can be taken to prevent heart disease by making some changes in lifestyle.

Do not smoke
Some bad habits like smoking are the biggest causes of heart disease. Smoking causes many health problems, including cardiovascular disease. So try to stay away from smoking.

Stop Alcohol consumption
Alcohol is only good to drink a little. As soon as you cross this small quantity, it can give many diseases to your heart. Drinking too much can be detrimental to your heart. According to the American Heart Association, excessive consumption of alcohol is a major cause of high blood pressure and heart failure.

Avoid fast food
Low cholesterol diet is your heart's best friend, while the diet rich in refined sugars and trans fat increases heart problems. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids reduce the risk of heart disease.

Physical exercise
Passive lifestyles can be a major threat to heart disease. Therefore, for the healthy heart, physical activities must be included in their daily routine. It is important for cycling, walking, jogging, exercising and swimming to burn calories between 500-950 calories per day. Or you can play a game of your choice to keep your heart healthy.

Enough Sleep
Those who do not get enough sleep, the risk of getting heart disease is high. According to the US News and World Report, people who sleep more than one hour in the night, they complain of having blood vessels blocked. Inhibition of blood vessels can lead to further heart disease.

Stress management
Managing stress in your life or effectively removing it is another important and easy solution to keep the heart healthy. People with stress are four times more likely to have a heart attack. According to the American Heart Association, negative emotions from stress such as anger raises blood pressure, which can lead to heart problems.

Reduce obesity
Obesity is considered as a result of bad eating habits. It can be very bad for our heart. According to the American Heart Association, obesity leads to high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Reduce consumption of red meat
Saturated fat is very high in red meat. This can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore it is important to consume healthy diet rich in natural sources. Reducing intake of red meat can save your heart from potential dangers.

Do not forget to take medicines
It is a common tendency to stop taking medicines when we feel okay. But its health may have negative effects. The same happens in heart disease. Although this does not feel high BP but it can hurt your heart. It is therefore important that you take your medicines on time.




What to do when Heart Attack occurs?

Lie down the patient
At the heart of a heart attack, first put the patient in comfortable position and let him suck the tablet of aspirin. Sucking the aspirin decreases the heart rate by 15 percent in heart attack. Because this medicine prevents blood clots and does not cause blood in the veins and muscles. A person may have aspirin tablets.

Call Emergency
After placing the patient and giving the aspirin tablet, call the Emergency number, call the ambulance and inform the situation immediately and call it immediately. If you have good hospital numbers, call them there.

Press the chest
Heart attacks may stop beating. If the tour is sudden and there are signs of cardio palmorrhoea where the heartbeat starts stopping, then try to start breathing by pressing the chest. It is very easy and it starts resonating with beats. This is called CPR technique.

Give CPR
This starts the heart beat of the heart. To do this, cover the patient with the waist, place your palms between the patient's chest. Press the hand down so that the stitch can stick from one to half inch. Do it a hundred times per minute and keep doing it until another kind of help is available.

Give artificial breath
Arrange to give immediate artificial respiration to the patient. Remove the patient pillow and hold his chin and lift it up. This reduces the obstruction of the respiratory tract, and there is no barrier in artificial respiration

Press the nose
Keep the patient's nose pressed with fingers and give artificial breath with your mouth. Pressing nostrils can give breath directly to the lungs. Push your mouth with a long breath, the air is not going out of the mouth in some way. Slowly breathe in the patient's mouth; in 2-3 seconds, the patient's lungs will be flooded. Do this two to three times.

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